Key Stage 4

Year 10 (ages 14-15) and Year 11 (ages 15-16)

Key stage 4 covers Years 10 and 11. This stage offers a two-year IGCSE (International General Certificate of Secondary Education) course that culminates in examinations administered by the University of Cambridge International Examinations (CIE).

During this stage, students will focus on a selection of subjects that include the core subjects of Mathematics, English, Additional Mathematics, the pure sciences, ICT, History, Geography, Art, Physical Education, Islamic Studies, French and Mandarin as well as continuing Key Stage 3 subjects. New subjects such as Accounting, Business Studies, and English Literature are also offered in Key Stage 4 as part of the secondary school curriculum in MIGS. 

The IGCSE Handbook provides a comprehensive guide to your child’s education in Key Stage 4 at Mutiara International Grammar School. You can download the handbook here:

The following subjects are compulsory and must be taken by all Key Stage 4 (Year 10 and 11) students at MIGS:

In English, during key stage 4 pupils learn to use language confidently, both in their academic studies and for the world beyond school. They use and analyze the complex features of the language. They are keen readers who can read and make articulate and perceptive comments about them.

Speaking and listening during key stages 3 and 4 pupils learn to speak and listen confidently in a wide variety of contexts. They learn to be flexible, adapting what they say and how they say it in different situations and people. When they speak formally or to people they do not know, they are articulate and fluent. They learn how to evaluate the contributions they, and others, have make to discussions, debate and drama activities.

Mutiara offers First Language English or English as a Second Language at IGCSE level. English Literature is an optional subject if students choose to study it.

An essential subject for all students, Cambridge IGCSE Mathematics encourages the development of mathematical knowledge as a key life skill, and as a basis for more advanced study.

The syllabus aims to build students’ confidence by helping them develop a feel for numbers, numerical patterns and relationships, and places a strong emphasis on solving problems and presenting and interpreting results.

Students also learn how to communicate and reason using mathematical concepts. Students will need an electronic calculator for all papers. Algebraic or graphical calculators are not permitted.

Young people globally face unprecedented challenges in an interconnected and information-heavy world, not least in how they will gain a sense of their own active place in the world and cope with the changes, and choices that will impact their lives.

The Community Arts Projects at MIGS provides opportunities for an inquiry into, and reflection on, key global and environmental issues from a personal, local/national and global perspectives. Various issues are integrated with different genres of the Creative Arts to spread awareness, raise funds and explore possible solutions through cooperation and collaboration. The students are truly learning to care both within the school campus as well as the wider community.

The programme is not about getting everybody to think identically; rather it is a matter of opening minds to the great complexity of the world and of human thought and opening hearts to the diversity of human experience and feeling. In so doing students are taught the importance of respecting differences.

Students will have opportunities to acquire and apply a range of skills, including:

  • Gathering, synthesizing and communicating information
  • Collaborating with others to achieve a common outcome
  • Analyzing and evaluating planning, processes, and outcomes
  • Developing and justifying a line of reasoning

The students examine a range of global issues from a variety of different artistic perspectives, drawing on a variety of subjects and almost any discipline, from the literary to the scientific. This syllabus will appeal to students not simply because it will extend their understanding of the world, but also because it will develop their potential to understand different perspectives and to make reasoned responses from a creative point of view; skills which will be useful in their study of other disciplines and for life-long learning.

We acknowledge that Biology is a living subject and students are inspired, motivated and geared towards academic excellence by making connections with the real world. Students are encouraged to research, write and present different science-oriented topics that relate to the curriculum and to everyday life. Through our methods of hands-on experience, interactive teaching and learning, we lay the foundations in producing analytical and critical thinkers who will be able to pursue the subject further at the Advanced Level.

The IGCSE Physics course is designed to introduce students to the laws of physics, the experimental skills required in physics, and the social and historical aspects of physics as an evolving body of human knowledge about nature. Course topics at the Standard Level include measurement, mechanics, thermal physics, oscillations and waves, electric currents, fields and forces, atomic and nuclear physics and energy, power, and climate change. Students will complete options in sight and wave phenomena, relativity and particle physics, and electromagnetic waves.

The course seeks to develop students’ experimental and investigative scientific skills. To meet this aim, forty to fifty percent of a student’s classroom time must be devoted to performing practical (laboratory) work that covers a range of topics and skills, including a multi-disciplinary group science project.

The IGCSE Chemistry program is designed to improve the confidence of the students in working with information and ideas as well as being responsible, responsive and respectful of others. Their knowledge is developed and they learn to engage intellectually and socially and be innovative and equipped for future challenges.

In our Chemistry classroom, students are given an opportunity to demonstrate comprehension and understanding of scientific phenomena, scientific vocabulary, terminology, and conventions. Laboratory activities which form a main part of the studies enable students to familiarize with scientific instruments and apparatus and also techniques of operation and aspects of safety.

Scientific and technological applications of the knowledge gained in the classroom with their social, economic and environmental implications make the study of Chemistry a very important part of the IGCSE curriculum.

IGCSE Literature (English) aims to develop learners who enjoy the experience of reading literature who are able to respond to literary texts from across different historical periods and cultures. Students will be able to concisely communicate an informed personal response to the literature, its themes, and topics. 

Students will develop the ability to appreciate the different ways in which writers and novelists have communicated their ideas and messages, and understand literature’s contribution to aesthetics, imaginative and intellectual growth.

The aims of English Literature Key Stage 4 are:

  • Enjoy the experience of reading literature.
  • Understand and respond to literary texts in different forms and from different periods and cultures.
  • Communicate an informed personal response appropriately and effectively.
  • Appreciate different ways in which writers achieve their effects.
  • Experience literature’s contribution to aesthetics, imaginative and intellectual growth.
  • Explore the contribution of literature to an understanding of areas of human concern.

IGCSE History will stimulate any student already interested in the past, providing a basis for further study, and also encouraging a lifelong interest in the subject.  The syllabus looks at some of the major international issues of the twentieth century, as well as covering the history of particular regions in more depth. The emphasis is on both historical knowledge, and on the skills required for historical research. Students learn about the nature of cause and effect, continuity and change, similarity and difference and find out how to use and understand historical evidence as part of their studies.

Students enter a realm of deeper knowledge when they choose to study IGCSE Geography at Mutiara. Students will gain an understanding of how the local affects the international in terms of humans and their physical environments and their continuous interactions with each other. 

Students gain a clear focus on world development and its process; gaining an understanding of the spatial effects of the ways in which people interact with one another and their environment, community and culture. Students crucially learn about the development gap and its severe consequences.

After the completion of this course, students will gain an understanding of their place in the world, as well as the role that they can play in it. 

The Information and Communication Technology syllabus for the Year 10 and Year 11 combines theoretical and practical studies focusing on the ability to use common software applications.  

Pupils will develop a greater awareness of how applications are used in the workplace and consider the impact of new technologies upon social, economic, ethical and moral issues. The skills learned will be useful across the curriculum, and will prepare them for future employment.

The syllabus combines theoretical and practical studies focusing on the ability to use common software applications to solve problems, including word processors, spreadsheets, databases, interactive presentation software, web browsers, and website design. Students analyze, design, implement, test and evaluate ICT systems, ensuring that they are fit for purpose.  

Accounting has become an essential part of business life, and the knowledge and skills will provide students with a broader and more experienced view of business life. Although this course has been specifically written for students studying Accounting for IGCSE, the course can also be seen as a general introduction to Accounting. The course can be studied by any student interested in obtaining grounding in Accounting and do not wish to take the examination.

The aims of Accounting in Key Stage 4 are:

  • Knowledge and understanding of the principles and purposes of accounting for individuals, businesses, on-trading organizations and society as a whole.
  • An understanding of accounting principles, policies, techniques, procedures, and terminology.
  • Improved skills of numeracy, literacy, communication, inquiry, presentation, and interpretation.
  • Improved accuracy, orderliness and the ability to think logically an excellent foundation for advanced study.

The IGCSE in Business Studies is a balanced international curriculum that develops students’ understanding of business activity in the public and private sectors, and the importance of innovation and change. Learners find out how the major types of business organization are established, financed and run, and how their activities are regulated.

Factors influencing business decision-making are also considered, as are the essential values of cooperation and interdependence. Students study business concepts and techniques but also enhance related skills such as numeracy and inquiry. The syllabus provides both a foundation for further study at Cambridge International A Level and is ideal preparation for the world of work.

The aims of Business Studies Key Stage 4 are:

  • Apply their knowledge and critical understanding of current issues and problems in a wide range of appropriate contexts.
  • Distinguish between facts and opinions, and evaluate qualitative and quantitative data in order to help build arguments and make informed judgments.
  • Appreciate the perspectives of a range of stakeholders in relation to the environment, individuals, society, government, and enterprise.
  • Develop knowledge and understanding of the major groups and organizations within and outside the business and consider ways in which they are able to influence objectives, decisions, and activities.
  • Develop knowledge and understanding of how the main types of business and commercial institutions are organized, financed and operated and how their relations with other organizations, consumers, employees, owners, and society are regulated.
  • Develop skills of numeracy, literacy, inquiry, selection, and employment of relevant sources of information, presentation, and interpretation.
  • Develop an awareness of the nature and significance of innovation and change within the context of business activities.

Mutiara International Grammar School’s Physical Education (PE) Programme is committed to developing personal wellness and physical fitness. Regular physical activity in childhood and adolescence improves strength and endurance, builds healthy bones and muscles, controls weight, reduces anxiety and stress and increases self-esteem, mood and concentration.

The PE Programme aims to provide students with an appreciation of their individual talents while teaching them the value of teamwork, competition, character, and selflessness. We place emphasis on the correct execution of related skills and encourage respect and good sportsmanship. The Physical Education Department offers different sports which are selected from the British schools’ sports programme. The alignment of PE lessons to the International Schools Association of Kuala Lumpur’s sporting calendar provides a venue to showcase the honed talent and mastered skills of our students.

The sports competition anxiety test and the yearly fitness test are some of the measurements that we use to assess and develop the physical and mental progress of our students.

Throughout Key Stage 4, all students are encouraged to discover their potential in Art and Design by exploring various art media. Students will follow the Cambridge IGCSE’s Art and Design syllabus. Taking what they have learned in Key Stage 3, students will develop their own original ideas and artworks based around a theme. Independence is encouraged as students develop their work in more detail using their sketchbook to research ideas before creating two final pieces. Students will develop their ability to think critically, work independently and to interpret the world in a visual way. Students will develop research skills as the students explore the work of various artists both from Malaysia and the wider world. They improve their problem-solving skills while developing their creativity.

Students will also have plenty of opportunities to use new media and technology to create artworks. These are all key life skills that can help students succeed in whatever career path they may choose in the future. There are plenty of careers relating to art such as architecture, industrial design, product design, interior design, fashion, fine art, illustration, graphic communication, and animation.

The IGCSE syllabus is designed to develop students’ ability to use the French language effectively for purposes of practical communication. The syllabus also aims to offer insights into the culture and civilization of countries where French is spoken, thus encouraging positive attitudes towards language learning and towards speakers of foreign languages.

Students use and manipulate a variety of key grammatical structures and patterns. Students develop and use a wide-ranging and deepening vocabulary that goes beyond their immediate needs and interests, allowing them to give and justify opinions and take part in discussions about wider issues. They learn to express and develop ideas clearly and with increasing accuracy, both orally and in writing.

Please note: 

  • Students must choose a minimum of one foreign language (French or Mandarin)  to study at IGCSE Level.

Muira follows the IGCSE specification which enables students to develop a better understanding of the spoken and written form of the language in a range of familiar and practical contexts, such as daily routines, social activities, future planning, community events, and the modern world.

We also place particular emphasis on using a range of assessment for learning techniques, providing excellent opportunities for students to thrive in all skill areas and consequently engaging them in their own learning process. 

Please note: 

  • Students must choose a minimum of one foreign language (French or Mandarin)  to study at IGCSE Level.

This course is compulsory for Malaysian Muslim students and offered to all Muslim students. The syllabus is recognized by universities and employers throughout the world as proof of knowledge and understanding of the Islamic teachings and culture.

 This course aims to develop students’ interest and enthusiasm for the study of Islam. Through their studies, students will be encouraged to identify and explore the religious and ethical issues raised in the Qur’an, and by the Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.), while also gaining an understanding of the effect of Islam on its believers. Students will also be encouraged to apply historical and other relevant knowledge in exploring the development of Islam and its beliefs, practices, and traditions.

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